全国客服电话
400-100-1567
English
其他官网入口
产品中心
PRODUCT
产品中心
熟食产品 /
当前位置:首页 > 产品中心
亚搏体育官网登录:什么是沙特“快速精神之旅”?
名称:亚搏体育官网登录:什么是沙特“快速精神之旅”?
详细介绍

If someone asks "What is the largest annual transnational religious event in the world today"? The answer can only be Hajj in Islam.

如果有人问:“当今世界上最大的年度跨国宗教活动是什么?”答案只能是伊斯兰教的朝j。

As a basic religious lesson, every year in the 12th month of the Islamic calendar, millions of devout Muslims go to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia for a pilgrimage. In 2019, this number will reach more than 2.5 million. This year's COVID-19 pandemic came suddenly and intensified, which directly led to the suspension of this religious practice. In July of this year, less than 10,000 people participated in the Hajj to Mecca with the permission of the Saudi government.

作为基本的宗教课程,每年在伊斯兰日历的第12个月,数百万虔诚的穆斯林前往沙特阿拉伯的圣城麦加朝圣。到2019年,这一数字将超过250万。今年的COVID-19大流行突然爆发并加剧,直接导致了这种宗教活动的中止。在沙特政府的允许下,今年7月,不到一万人参加了麦加朝圣。

Somewhat deserted

有点冷清

(Picture: CGCSaudi / twitter)▼

(图片:CGCSaudi / twitter)▼

With the gradual improvement of the epidemic situation, Saudi Arabia gradually resumed the Umra pilgrimage similar to the Hajj on October 4. So, what is Umra? What is the difference between Umra and Hajj?

随着疫情的逐步好转,沙特阿拉伯于10月4日逐渐恢复了朝the类似朝U的朝圣之旅。那么,朝m是什么? Umra和Hajj有什么区别?

Hajj is one of the five pillars of religious work in Islam. According to the doctrine, every adult Muslim with financial and physical strength must make his best efforts to make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in his life. During the five days from December 8 to 12 in the Iraqi calendar, Muslims must complete all the Hajj rituals prescribed by the Shariah.

朝j是伊斯兰宗教工作的五大支柱之一。根据该学说,每个有财力和体力的成年穆斯林必须尽其最大的努力去朝圣麦加朝圣,一生中至少一次。在伊拉克历法的12月8日至12日的五天内,穆斯林必须完成伊斯兰教义规定的所有朝圣仪式。

Even if you are physically inconvenient, you can’t stop the Hajj

即使您身体不便,也无法阻止朝Ha

(photo: memberhs / shutterstock)

(照片:memberhs/shutterstock)

The etiquette of Hajj is very complicated, and not everyone has the opportunity and ability to participate. So the simple and short Umrah, Umrah, was born, which means "visiting densely populated places".

朝j的礼节非常复杂,并非每个人都有参与的机会和能力。因此,简单而又矮小的Umrah诞生了,这意味着“参观人口稠密的地方”。

The body is difficult, but the heart still faces it

身体很难,但心脏仍然面对

(Muslims in Turkey pray towards Mecca)

(土耳其穆斯林向麦加祈祷)

(Photo: Andrzej Lisowski Travel / Shutterstock)▼

(照片:Andrzej Lisowski Travel/Shutterstock)▼

The difference from the positive is that Umra is voluntary and can travel to Mecca throughout the year. The time required is only a few hours and the material cost is lower. The flexibility of this event itself is also loved by Muslims from all over the world. It is a "quick spiritual journey" that is truly voluntary.

与正面的不同之处在于,Umra是自愿的,并且可以全年前往麦加。所需时间只有几个小时,而且材料成本较低。来自世界各地的穆斯林也很喜欢这项活动的灵活性。这是真正自愿的“快速精神之旅”。

Muslims get pilgrimage convenience

穆斯林朝圣便利

Saudi Arabia gets continuous tourists throughout the year

沙特阿拉伯全年持续吸引游客

Allah is happy to see it happen

阿拉很高兴看到它发生

(Photo: Andrew V Marcus / Shutterstock)▼

(照片:安德鲁五世·马库斯/ Shutterstock)▼

We will discover the characteristics of the latter by comparing the processes of the dynasty and the puja.

通过比较王朝和法会的进程,我们将发现后者的特征。

The basic process of the dynasty consists of 6 steps: One is to receive ordination. Before entering the forbidden area of ​​Mecca, pilgrims must take ordination at the five major barriers outside the area. On the basis of ensuring that words and deeds are prudent and abide by the “no killing/haircutting/nail cutting/cutting flowers and trees/evil thoughts” and other regulations, proceed to the second step-feasting. After entering the city of Mecca, take a short rest and go to the Forbidden Temple, watch the Kaaba and praise Allah (when there are few people, you can go forward and kiss the black stone).

王朝的基本过程包括6个步骤:一是接受圣职。在进入麦加禁区之前,朝圣者必须在该地区以外的五个主要障碍处进行戒律。在确保言行举止审慎并遵守“禁止杀人/剪发/剪指甲/剪花草/邪恶思想”等法规的基础上,进行第二步盛宴。进入麦加市后,休息片刻,去故宫,观看天房,赞美真主(在人少的情况下,您可以前进并亲吻黑石头)。

Make a pilgrimage in an almost perfect human image

以近乎完美的人类形象朝圣

(Image: Sony Herdiana / Shutterstock) ▼

(图片来源:Sony Herdiana / Shutterstock)▼

Then is the third step around the Kaaba. After arriving at the central square of the Forbidden City, you have to walk around the Kaaba 7 times in a counterclockwise direction. This scene is the most spectacular in the entire activity process. After completion, the fourth step is to enter the Mina Valley before December 9, and then arrive at Mount Arafat, 25 kilometers southeast of Mecca, for a day to commemorate Muhammad and deliver a final speech, and confess his faults and sins. And pray for forgiveness from Allah.

然后是围绕天房的第三步。到达故宫的中央广场后,您必须沿逆时针方向绕Kaaba行走7次。这个场景是整个活动过程中最壮观的。完成之后,第四步是在12月9日之前进入米纳谷,然后在麦加东南25公里处到达阿拉法特山,为纪念穆罕默德并发表最后讲话并承认他的过失和罪恶,为期一天。并祈求真主的宽恕。

Mount Arafat is also known as "Mountain of Mercy"

阿拉法特山也被称为“慈悲山”

Even if the legends of Muslims are not consistent

即使穆斯林的传说不一致

But all the pilgrims will stay here for a day

但是所有朝圣者会在这里呆一天

(图片:mirzavisoko / Shutterstock)▼

(图片:mirzavisoko / Shutterstock)▼

The fifth step is a somewhat dangerous shot. The last step is the return of the pilgrims to slaughter cattle and sheep to sacrifice, and enter the Eid al-Adha. Before leaving Mecca, he had to cruise the Kaaba again, which is also called the resignation.

第五步是有些危险的射击。最后一步是朝圣者返回屠宰牛羊并牺牲,然后进入宰牲节。在离开麦加之前,他不得不再次巡游天房,这也被称为辞职。

The stone shooting ceremony symbolizes the blow to the devil

石头射击仪式象征着魔鬼的打击

There are also requirements for the number of hits on the stone pillars, which is also the most dangerous aspect of the hajj ritual.

对石柱上的撞击次数也有要求,这也是朝the仪式中最危险的方面。

(Photo: Zull Must / Shutterstock)▼

(照片:Zull Must/Shutterstock)▼

It can be seen that the Zheng Dynasty is very complicated and emotionally heavy. In comparison, Umrah is much simpler and easier.

可以看出,郑王朝非常复杂,情感沉重。相比之下,Umrah则简单得多。

In terms of clothes, during the Umrah, men had to cover their bodies with two white unstitched cloths, and women could wear loose robes. After entering the Kaaba, pilgrims should recite the Quran and praise Allah and Muhammad, and make seven deep prayers around the Kaaba in a counterclockwise direction. After completion, you can go to the Ibrahim Mosque near the Kaaba to pray.

在衣服方面,在Umrah期间,男人必须用两块白色的未缝制衣服亚搏体育官网登录盖住自己的身体,而女人则可以穿宽松的长袍。进入天房后,朝圣者应背诵古兰经,赞美真主和穆罕默德,并在天房周围沿逆时针方向进行七次深层祈祷。完成后,您可以前往天房附近的易卜拉欣清真寺祈祷。

The dress code blurs the distinction between gender, nationality and status

着装要求模糊了性别,国籍和地位之间的区别

It also symbolizes the equality of all mankind

它也象征着全人类的平等

(图片:EimzaawahPhoto / Shutterstock)▼

(图片:EimzaawahPhoto / Shutterstock)▼

<亚搏体育官网登录p>Next, Muslims need to pray back and forth seven times on the two-mile road between Safa Mountain and Marva Mountain, and then they can leave after praying.

接下来,穆斯林需要在萨法山和马尔瓦山之间的两英里道路上来回祈祷七次,然后他们便可以在祈祷后离开。

Obviously, the Umrah takes very little time, many people can complete it within three hours, and this can achieve the same spiritual enjoyment as the Masamune. Therefore, after a comprehensive study and judgment, Saudi Arabia decided to restore the Umrah which is relatively easy to manage.

显然,Umrah花费的时间很少,许多人可以在三个小时内完成它,这可以实现与Masamune相同的精神享受。因此,经过全面的研究和判断,沙特阿拉伯决定恢复相对容易管理的Umrah。

Men shave their hair, women cut a small part of their hair, marking the end of the pilgrimage

男人剃掉头发,女人剪掉一小部分头发,标志着朝圣的结束

(Image: Sony Herdiana / Shutterstock) ▼

(图片来源:Sony Herdiana / Shutterstock)▼

As soon as the news came out, Muslims all over the world were "just about to move." So, how will the Saudi government deploy prevention and control? After all, the current new crown epidemic in the Middle East is still in an unstable state, and the cumulative number of confirmed cases in Saudi Arabia has already exceeded 350,000...

消息一出,全世界的穆斯林“就快要走了”。那么,沙特政府将如何部署预防和控制措施?毕竟,当前中东新的王冠流行仍处于不稳定状态,沙特阿拉伯确诊病例的累计数量已超过35万...

Before the country's large-scale oil extraction, the hajj industry was the main source of revenue for Saudi Arabia. Due to the interruption of the epidemic this year, Saudi Arabia has lost billions of dollars in revenue, which has become the key reason why Saudi Arabia is currently preparing to resume the Umrah.

在该国大规模采油之前,朝j工业是沙特阿拉伯的主要收入来源。由于今年疫情的中断,沙特阿拉伯已经损失了数十亿美元的收入,这已成为沙特阿拉伯目前准备恢复乌拉邦的关键原因。

Oil is a limited resource

石油是有限的资源

Religion is unlimited business

宗教是无限的事业

(图片:Photographer RM / Shutterstock)▼

(图片:Photographer RM / Shutterstock)▼

On the other hand, meeting the spiritual needs of Muslims that have been suppressed for more than half a year is also an important goal of Saudi Arabia.

另一方面,满足被压抑半年以上的穆斯林的精神需求,也是沙特阿拉伯的重要目标。

In previous pilgrimages, many people did not enjoy the "concentration of faith" brought about by this activity because of the scarcity of approved places. In Egypt, Pakistan and India, if Muslims want to get the opportunity to travel to Mecca, they must pay high fees and go through local officials. As a result, people hope to go to the Umrah at any time, but due to the epidemic, Saudi Arabia has already suspended related activities. For those believers who have saved money for several years, this is a nightmare more difficult to accept than the outbreak of the new crown epidemic.

在以前的朝圣之旅中,由于批准的地方稀少,许多人不享受这项活动带来的“信仰集中”。在埃及,巴基斯坦和印度,如果穆斯林想获得机会前往麦加,他们必须支付高额费用并经过当地官员。结果,人们希望随时前往乌拉邦,但由于这一流行病,沙特阿拉伯已经暂停了相关活动。对于那些已经存了几年钱的信徒来说,这比新的王冠流行更难接受。

Muslims make up about a quarter of the global population

穆斯林约占全球人口的四分之一

The number of Muslims infected with the new crown is also huge

被新王冠感染的穆斯林人数也很大

The believers urgently need to pray in the holy city

信徒迫切需要在圣城祈祷

(图片:tolgaildun / Shutterstock)▼

(图片:tolgaildun / Shutterstock)▼

Therefore, it is very important to gradually restore the hajj industry to restore the Saudi economy and increase its global influence.

因此,逐步恢复朝j产业对恢复沙特经济和增加其全球影响力非常重要。

However, the consumer groups of the hajj industry come from all over the world, which makes it very difficult to prevent the epidemic. The current practice announced by the Saudi government is to gradually recover in three stages:

但是,朝j行业的消费群体来自世界各地,这使得预防这种流行病非常困难。沙特政府宣布的现行做法将分三个阶段逐步恢复:

The first phase will allow 40% of the people in the past to enter Mecca. These people include only Saudi citizens and foreigners living in the Kingdom. The second stage will start on November 1st, when Muslims from abroad can come, but only pilgrims considered to be "safe countries" are allowed to enter, and the number of daily pilgrimages will increase to 20,000. The proportion of the Umrah shall be controlled at 75%. The third stage is after the global epidemic subsides, the number of people allowed to enter will be restored.

第一阶段将允许过去40%的人进入麦加。这些人仅包括居住在沙特阿拉伯的沙特公民和外国人。第二阶段将从11月1日开始,届时会有来自国外的穆斯林来,但是只有被视为“安全国家”的朝圣者才能进入,每天的朝圣人数将增加到20,000。朝拜者的比例应控制在75%以内。第三阶段是全球流行病消退之后,允许进入的人数将恢复。

Kaaba during the epidemic

流行期间的天房

The number of pilgrimage places is still in short supply

朝圣地的数量仍供不应求

(Photo: Leo Morgan / Shutterstock)▼

(照片:利奥·摩根/ Shutterstock)▼

Judging from these three stages, it is quite wise and pragmatic for Saudi Arabia to refer to China's prevention and control experience. At the same time, Saudi Arabia has also worked hard on the details of prevention and control.

从这三个阶段来看,沙特阿拉伯借鉴中国的预防和控制经验是非常明智和务实的。同时,沙特阿拉伯也在预防和控制的细节上作了努力。

First of all, the Saudi official comprehensively guided the Umrah’s specific measures. The Ministry of Education of Saudi Arabia issued an instruction on September 28 that participants in the Umrah of their country must be in good health and personally go to relevant agencies to report. Pilgrims from other countries must go through an official agency to obtain visas and provide relevant prevention and control training for pilgrims. Only those who qualify can be allowed to participate.

首先,沙特官员全面指导了乌姆拉的具体措施。沙特阿拉伯教育部于9月28日发布指示,要求该国乌拉姆的参与者身体健康,并亲自去有关机构举报。来自其他国家的朝圣者必须通过官方机构获得签证,并为朝圣者提供相关的预防和控制培训。只有那些有资格的人才能被允许参加。

Simplified pilgrimage process and strict prevention and control measures

简化朝圣过程和严格的预防和控制措施

Preliminary preparations are done

初步准备工作已完成

(Photo: Haramain/ twitter)▼

(照片:Haramain / twitter)▼

On September 27, the Saudi Interior Ministry also stated that it would fine anyone who enters the holy place for pilgrimage without permission of 8,000 riyals. Secondly, regarding the transportation problems of pilgrims, the Ministry of Health of Saudi Arabia issued a notice stating that “nucleic acid tests must be done in hospitals designated by various countries”. The luggage of pilgrims should also be checked in through logistics companies designated by Saudi Arabia. In order to enter Mecca City after undergoing strict inspection and disinfection by the health and safety departments.

9月27日,沙特阿拉伯内政部还表示,将对未经许可进入8000里亚尔而进入圣地朝圣的任何人处以罚款。其次,关于朝圣者的运输问题,沙亚搏体育官网登录特阿拉伯卫生部发布了一份通知,指出“必须在各国指定的医院进行核酸检测”。朝圣者的行李也应通过沙特阿拉伯指定的物流公司托运。经过卫生和安全部门的严格检查和消毒后才能进入麦加城。

Holy land, being disinfected

圣地,正在消毒

(Picture: Haramain/ twitter)▼

(图片:Haramain / twitter)▼

The government will also issue a smart card to each Umrah, which contains specific requirements during the event, and will also issue a bag containing prayer mats, disinfectants, masks and other necessary preventive supplies. It can be said to be very considerate.

政府还将向每个Umrah发行一张智能卡,其中包含活动期间的特定要求,还将发行一个装有祈祷垫,消毒剂,口罩和其他必要预防用品的袋子。可以说是非常体贴的。

Good service

好服务

(Picture: Haramain/ twitter)▼

(图片:Haramain / twitter)▼

Finally, the Saudi government will mobilize tens of thousands of relevant personnel to coordinate and supervise the specific details of the Umrah. These personnel are mainly composed of people in the tourism industry who have lost their jobs due to the epidemic, as well as some medical staff and college students. At the same time, Saudi Arabia will send thousands of soldiers to participate in order maintenance.

最后,沙特政府将动员成千上万的相关人员来协调和监督Umrah的具体细节。这些人员主要是由于流行病而失业的旅游业人员,以及一些医务人员和大学生。同时,沙特阿拉伯将派出数千名士兵参加订单维护。

This shows that Saudi Arabia has made a lot of efforts to open up the Umrah. However, some links in the Umrah are difficult to prevent and control. This is also the distress of the current Saudi government.

这表明沙特阿拉伯为开放乌拉姆做出了很多努力。但是,很难阻止和控制Umrah中的某些链接。这也是现任沙特政府的困扰。

Different from the relatively fast-paced travel of people in atheistic countries, in a country with a strong Islamic religion like Saudi Arabia, the pious people move slowly during the pilgrimage process. Let alone whether the epidemic will spread due to the recovery of the Umrah, from the previous Umrah process, these two links are more dangerous.

与无神论国家的人们相对较快的旅行不同,虔诚的人们在朝圣过程中缓慢移动,这是在伊斯兰宗教如沙特阿拉伯这样的国家。更不用说流行病是否会由于先前的乌拉邦进程而从乌拉邦的复兴中蔓延开来,所以这两个联系更加危险。

The first is in the stone shooting link. This link took place before the Eid al-Adha. Although the Umrah does not do this in most cases, many people still choose to find a place that can replace the stone shooting in the front to vent in order not to regret. They believe that this can also express the determination of mankind not to be tempted by the devil and evil and to stick to established beliefs.

首先是在石头射击环节。此链接发生在宰牲节之前。尽管在大多数情况下Umrah不会这样做,但许多人仍然选择寻找可以代替前面射石的地方以发泄,以免后悔。他们认为,这也可以表达人类决心不被魔鬼和邪恶所诱惑,并坚守既定的信念。

The ceremony is simplified, but faith will not be shaken by it

仪式简化了,但信心不会动摇

(Photo: TEA OOR / Shutterstock)▼

(照片:茶室/百叶窗)▼

And this year, the theme was changed to "not be dominated by the new crown epidemic." It is conceivable that many people surround a stone wall, and it is easy to hit the opposite crowd in the process of throwing stones.

今年,主题更改为“不受新的王冠流行所控制”。可以想象很多人围着一堵石墙,在扔石头的过程中很容易撞到对方。

There is also an in-depth prayer session near the Kaaba. People want to see Mecca more, kiss the black stone more, and stop on the road for more than a few minutes. This is prone to trampling accidents.

天房附近还有一个深入的祷告会。人们希望看到更多的麦加,更多地亲吻黑色的石头,然后在路上停留几分钟。这很容易践踏事故。

Scrambling

争夺

(Photo: hikrcn/Shutterstock)▼

(照片:hikrcn/Shutterstock)▼

The stampede of the Umrah is divided into entrance stampede, stay stampede, and escape stampede. In this link of praying seven times on the two-mile road between Safa Mountain and Malva Mountain, these three types of stamping are prone to occur. According to statistics, in the past five years, there have been 12 consecutive bad stampedes caused by the Umrah, with more than 600 casualties, most of which occurred here.

Umrah的踩踏事件分为入口踩踏事件,停留踩踏事件和亚博游戏app软件逃生踩踏事件。在萨法山和马尔瓦山之间两英里的道路上进行七次祈祷的环节中,这三种类型的踩踏容易发生。据统计,在过去的五年中,由真主党造成的踩踏事件已连续发生12次,造成600多人伤亡,其中大部分伤亡发生在这里。

At this level of congestion

在这个拥塞水平

Once an accident happens, many people will be affected

一旦发生事故,许多人将受到影响

(Photo: Zull Must / Shutterstock)▼

(照片:Zull Must/Shutterstock)▼

An important reason is the synchronization of the pilgrimage activities. People rush to participate in the activities at the same time. In addition, the weather in Mecca is hot and the number of pilgrims is large and crowded. However, a large part of the staff's energy this year has to be placed on epidemic inspection and prevention and control, and it is difficult to evacuate to places where trampling occurs in time.

一个重要原因是朝圣活动的同步。人们争分夺秒地参加活动。此外,麦加的天气炎热,朝圣者的人数众多且拥挤。但是,今年工作人员的大部分精力必须放在流行病的检查,预防和控制上,而且很难撤离到及时发生践踏的地方。

Saudi Arabia's opening of Umrah is also related to the epidemic prevention of many Muslim countries

沙特阿拉伯对乌姆拉(Umrah)的开放也与许多穆斯林国家的防疫工作有关

(Image piece: Ahmad Faiza / Shutterstock) ▼

(图片:艾哈迈德·法伊扎/ Shutterstock)▼

At present, Saudi Arabia has cooperated with foreign universities and some high-tech companies to build a crisis management information and early warning system. The government is also continuously strengthening infrastructure construction, expanding the squares inside and outside the holy mosque, overhauling activities facilities, and improving the traffic between Safa Mountain and Malva Mountain.

目前,沙特阿拉伯已与国外大学和一些高科技公司合作,建立了危机管理信息和预警系统。政府还将继续加强基础设施建设,扩大圣清真寺内外的广场,检修活动设施,并改善萨法山和马尔瓦山之间的交通。

However, the number of Umrah this year will definitely increase sharply. Whether the plan of the Saudi government can meet this change needs to be observed...

但是,今年的Umrah人数肯定会急剧增加。需要观察沙特政府的计划是否能够应对这一变化。

上一条:亚博游戏app软件|马竞新赛季号码:托雷拉身披5号,马努-桑切斯升入一线队 下一条:【亚搏体育官网登录】帕尔马主席:恭喜猜对我首签的人们,现在猜猜接下来两个是谁
声   明

如有任何问题请与我们联系 

电话 0537-3798999/3798666

免费电话 4001001567 

传真 0537-3798998 

邮箱 lvyuan@lvyuanfood.com




全国客服电话:400-100-1567

关注我们有惊喜